“The 1989 Armenian earthquake needed only four minutes to flatten the nation and kill thirty thousand people. Stein, who had raised money for the anti-nuke organization and traveled to Russia on several previous occasions, recalls advising the Baxter group: “Whatever you do, never leave the medical equipment out of your sight, or it will disappear, and you’ll never see it again.”. Earthquake in Armenia, Colombia, January 25, 1999. USAID; Posted 26 Feb 1999 Originally published 26 Feb 1999. On 7 December 1988 an earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless. Blog. “Those who were at the factory or office, ran home. The president had to send in troops to restore order. A retired lieutenant general in the US Marine Corps, Johnson had been a fighter pilot during World War II and risen to become chief of staff of the US Strategic Air Command in Omaha and then director of the US Defense Nuclear Agency which was responsible for maintaining the country’s atomic bombs and nuclear testing programs. Spitak (Armenian: Սպիտակ), is a town and urban municipal community in the northern Lori Province of Armenia.It is 96 km (60 mi) north of the capital, Yerevan, and 22 km (14 mi) west of the provincial centre, Vanadzor.Spitak was entirely destroyed during the devastating 1988 earthquake, and it was rebuilt in a slightly different location. Experts consider that … “He was a threat on every single play. The earthquake devastated cities and villages across western Colombia, a vast Andean terrain where much of the world's coffee is grown. But so many distant relatives had not, including his two cousins who were trapped beneath a building and spoke to rescuers for two days, before they died. “Everyone was watching the chandelier, not with the expectation of light but to see if it moved,” she wrote in an article published in Mediamax.am in Armenia last year. The focus was located in the municipality of Cordoba, 20 kilometres from Armenia, and had a depth of two to three thousand metres. It took more than a week for an organized relief effort to mobilize, and in the interim many survivors slept outside in the December cold. I was contacted by the AMAA and asked to connect with Simourian. Ultimately, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who cut short a visit to the United States to rush to the earthquake-stricken region, would give official authorization for Armenia to accept humanitarian aid from the United States and the rest of the world. He estimated that approximately 1,500 people, who had been rescued from collapsed buildings in Spitak and Leninakan (now Gyumri) and rushed to Yerevan for emergency dialysis treatment, died at the hospitals because of the lack of adequate dialysis equipment in operation at the time of the earthquake. “That race was the race between life and death. 3.9 magnitude earthquake 2020-01-18 01:28:43 UTC at 01:28 January 18, 2020 UTC Location: Epicenter at 40.97, 44.013 16.2 km from Shirak (10.2 miles) Only a trickling few in the Diaspora had given much time or money to a Homeland still caught in the Soviet grip but the emergency presented by the earthquake was something different. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Now a reporter in Gyumri, she remembered being at her grandmother’s home soon after the earthquake struck. The situation on the ground in Yerevan was near-desperate. Most of the buildings which collapsed, including many churches, were built before 1984 when a new, tougher, building standards were introduced. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. Mon 25 Jan 1999 23.36 EST "These are partial figures from our people in the area," said Henry Casas, head of the National Solidarity Network, indicating that … Armenia, the … Three decades later, the devastating earthquake is a reminder of the horrific events that Armenia and its people has had to endure to survive through history. This is a list of earthquakes in 1999.Only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are … Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. Many of the buildings which collapsed were old and poorly constructed, or had been built on poor soil such as old landfill sites or steep slopes. home of George and Carolann Najarian, both of whom had been to Armenia in prior years in part to study the condition of public health but once there had joined the growing call for independence for the enclave of Karabakh (Artsakh). Rescue teams are sifting through the rubble in Athens after Tuesday's earthquake that claimed at least 30 lives and left nearly 100 missing. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. Northern Armenia comprises a mountainous plateau interspersed with populated river valleys and is home to a portion of t… He wasn’t the biggest guy on their team, but he was the most versatile,” Loucks recalled. It lasted for approximately 15 seconds. In a cable to them, Johnson stressed they should memorize the name and telephone number of Dr. Yevegny Chazov, the top Health Minister in the Kremlin, in case they ran into any trouble. Having seen television images of the devastation, Vernon R. Loucks, Jr., chairman of Baxter International and former end for Yale’s varsity football team, was only too willing to help with a massive relief effort. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). Kennedy too had seen the television coverage of the devastation that the earthquake had brought and pledged to Simourian that he would do anything he could do and do it as soon as possible. On arrival in Yerevan on December 20, the dialysis machines were immediately placed into the two Yerevan hospitals designated to treat those suffering from kidney damage. Because of the antiquated medical equipment, neither of the two hospitals designated to treat the earthquake victims were able to provide the needed care, and hundreds were dying every day or being sent to Moscow. But a closer look of what followed it, particularly the collapse of Communism and the closer ties between those in the diaspora and the homeland, is also a tribute to the distinctly Armenian characteristic of not only surviving national tragedy but becoming stronger from it. Home > The Canadian Encyclopedia > Geology > Earthquake Print Version. He shared in three Pulitzer Prizes as a member and editor of the Spotlight Team. Simourian’s next phone call was to the most important person he knew in Washington — US Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, an influential member of the Senate Armed Services Committee who had been an end on the Harvard University varsity football team that Simourian played for during the 1950s. The quake struck the heart of the country's coffee-growing region, about the capital, Bogota, toppling tower blocks, hotels and historic churches. The earthquake struck at nineteen minutes past one o'clock on January 25, lasted seconds, and left behind utter devastation. Despite his legendary athletic record and successful business career, Simourian says the most important decision he made in his life was to court and marry Michele, now his wife of 56 years. Phone and power lines have also been brought down. It is the most powerful quake to hit Colombia for 16 years, measuring six on the Richter scale. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. “I’ve been around government operations before, but I’d never seen anything like this,” recalled David Walker, a Baxter engineer who helped retrofit the new dialysis machines to make certain they would work once they arrived in Yerevan. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. But by that time the Baxter dialysis machines had already arrived in Yerevan and had been installed and were being used to treat needy victims. But the Simourians could envisage none of those changes as they drove away from the Najarians’ home that night after the earthquake struck. Tuesday 26 th January 1999. So, realizing that time was of extreme essence that numerous lives of victims who had been rescued from collapsed buildings hung in the balance, Armenians everywhere began to rally. On December 7, 1988, an earthquake shattered the north of Soviet Armenia. I was phoned on the evening of the 26 th Jan and told about an Earthquake in Colombia. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. January 25 (Armenia, Colombia) Since there was no food in the house I had no breakfast. Most of the events used occurred in the region on the occasion of the Armenia 25 January 1999 earthquake. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Even the city’s main hospital collapsed during the earthquake killing both the patients and medical staff. He had gone off to school with his brother that Wednesday morning with the warning of his mother echoing in his ears that she had had a nightmare and that the two boys should be extra careful at school that day. Asia, Armenia, Gyumri, 06.03.2011: Gyumri (former Leninakan) suffered from the earthquake december 7, 1988. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days 6.2 Richter scale. How to use Google Classroom: Tips and tricks for teachers; Sept. 30, 2020 In all, more than 100 countries would respond. UNHCR Global Appeal 1999 - Armenia. I was asked at that time if I was available. Several years before, Chazov had joined with the renowned Boston-based cardiologist Dr. Bernard Lown to establish the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the group was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985. There were 200,000 people left homeless. They opened the door.”. The horrific impact of the earthquake was being broadcast every day by CNN and the major television networks and it gave rise to countless frantic conversations in numerous homes of Armenians across America and elsewhere. When he stepped out of a hangar to approach the transport plane, Lundeen recalls coming across a unit of US military commandos all dressed in black, whose commander told him: “We don’t know who’s coming off that plane, and we want to be sure we’re prepared for anything.”. Geo-seismic engineer Zygmunt Lubkowski said: "If we ensure building and bridges are constructed properly, we can prevent the sort of loss of life which has been observed in Colombia.". Long an advocate for Armenian causes and organizations, she has served as a Board member of the AMAA. Kurkjian has also written extensively on the Armenian Genocide and is a Board member of the National Association for Armenian Studies and Research. The shock heavily affected the city of Armenia, Colombia in the Quindío department, and about 18 other towns and 28 additional villages in the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis region departments, and to a lesser degree, the cities of Pereira and Manizales. Lundeen and his two colleagues returned to the United States by the end of December but that did not end the Baxter commitment to Armenia — Loucks sent another five technical and medical personnel to replace them. The sounds coming from outside were frightening and impossible to forget.”. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. Apparently through Kennedy’s intercession, the Pentagon cleared a Soviet military transport plane to land at Andrews Air Force Base in suburban Maryland, the same airfield used by the President’s Air Force One, and take off from there to Yerevan. It shook buildings as … Introduction [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. But Loucks knew that the 20 machines and related equipment needed to get to Armenia immediately or they would do little good to bring medical relief to the earthquake victims. Because he had participated in negotiations between the US and the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear arsenals, Johnson told Simourian he had contacts in Russia whom they could draw on. “He told us that it’s a quake and that we should run,” Demoyan wrote. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. Born in France, Michele met John after coming to Boston and later Simmons College. When a person is trapped under concrete or debris, their blood supply will continue to flow to their brain but not their kidneys and lower extremities. A life-saving mission between two world powers would result from that phone call and remarkably enough it was the product of the respect and trust that two men gained playing football against each other more than 30 years before. “I don’t think many of the others had even been to Armenia, remember this was still during the Soviet regime, but this was something different — the suffering was on a massive scale and we needed to help,” Carolann Najarian recalled. Tremblement de terre à Armenia, en Colombie, le 25 janvier 1999. And what does Loucks remember about Simourian’s play? Baxter would donate more than a million dollars’ worth of modern dialysis equipment — as well as the doctors and technicians to operate them — that was desperately needed in Armenia. “I remember him because he played end on offense and defense,” Simourian said. All the kids in her neighborhood learned to dread the Armenian word for earthquake — Zhazhq — and her lasting memory was standing in her grandmother’s dining room and staring at the chandelier to see if it would sway violently as it had during the earthquake. This isn’t just one plane. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDE from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. January 25, 1999 at 1 pm local time. 28 years ago, one of the worst disasters in the history of Armenia struck northwest of the country. “I consider what we did here perhaps the best thing I ever accomplished in my business career,” said Loucks, now 83. “And the real reason I did it was because of the sense of urgency in John’s voice.”. The destruction in Spitak was even worse. One of them was at the Lincoln, Mass. Hayk Demoyan. I did and looking as fit and focused when he was earning headlines as a standout athlete at Watertown High School and Harvard, Simourian agreed to tell me the story of the relief mission. Following their graduations, both served in the military — Loucks as a Marine, and Simourian in the Navy — and after graduating from Harvard Business School at different times both began their successful business careers: Loucks in healthcare and Simourian, with his son, building a trucking company into a national transportation organization, headquartered in Needham, Mass. Armenia, Colombia - Pereira, Colombia - Colombian coffee growing axis - List of earthquakes in 1999 - Manizales - List of earthquakes in Colombia - Epicenter - Ibagué - Quindío Department - South American Plate - Earthquake engineering - University of Quindío - Triage - Bogotá - Medellín - Cali - Andrés Pastrana Arango - Coffee production in Colombia - Peak ground acceleration - 1999 … How to use Google Classroom: Tips and tricks for teachers; Sept. 30, 2020 It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. * Stephen Kurkjian is a retired reporter and editor for The Boston Globe and a founding member of The Globe’s investigative Spotlight Team. The three Baxter engineers went to work immediately outfitting their dialysis machines to the water treatment resources that existed at the two hospitals. Share. In the area you have selected (Armenia) earthquake hazard is classified as high according to the information that is currently available. In addition, she is co-founder with Elizabeth Agbabian of AMAA’s Orphan and Child Care Committee commissioned by the Association. The two Armenian cities closest to the epicenter, Spitak and Leninakan, suffered between 25,000 to 50,000 deaths, and up to 130,000 people were injured. The release of energy spread with high velocity through Armenia and Pereira. All Rights Reserved. Public outrage by Armenians toward the shoddy construction of high-rise buildings that had collapsed in the tremors was followed by disgust over the slow and chaotic rescue efforts. I also woke up late so I didn't shower. The Armenian Missionary Association of America (AMAA), which had been established in 1918 to provide care and support in numerous other countries for children left orphans by the Genocide, began the Earthquake Orphan Fund and provided care for the first time to children in Armenia. The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of Ä°zmit. The two tremors, … Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. The flight — which stopped in Newfoundland and Moscow before reaching Armenia — lasted 20 hours. How did it get there — by an extraordinary concession to America’s fiercest Cold War adversary. When asked recently about their strongest memory of the other, Simourian and Loucks both remembered the fierce competition each showed during the three varsity football games they played against one another between 1954-1956 — Yale winning two and Harvard one of The Games. 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